Kuantan is the state capital of Pahang, Malaysia. It is located near the mouth of the Kuantan River and faces the South China Sea. Kuantan is the 17th largest city in Malaysia based on population, and the largest city in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
The administrative centre of the state of Pahang was officially relocated to Kuantan on 27 August 1955 from Kuala Lipis and was officiated by HRH Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al Muadzam Shah, the Sultan of Pahang.
In its early days, it was known as Kampung Teruntum (Teruntum Village). The village was situated at the mouth of Teruntum River which is in front of the current hospital and it was established by Haji Senik and his followers in the 1850s. Early primary economic activities included fishing and small businesses. The main evidence of the establishment of the village is the cemetery that is situated near Taman Esplanade in front of the current Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan.
Towards the late 19th century, arrival of Chinese miners and traders saw the establishment of a township in Kuantan and nearby tin mining areas such as Gambang and Sungai Lembing. Similar to what occurred in other states in Peninsular Malaysia, rubber plantations attracted Indian settlers as well.
The sinking of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse took place off the coast of Kuantan on 10 December 1941.
One of its major economic activities is tourism. Domestically, it is famous for the production of handicrafts, batik, keropok (dried fish crackers) and salted fish. Kuantan serves as the administrative and commercial capital of Pahang. Trade and commerce are important in the economy of the town. The timber industry, ice cream and the fishing industry also play major roles in the local economy.
There are petrochemical industries, mostly in Gebeng, an industrial area about 25 km north of Kuantan. Among the major companies operating in Kuantan are BASF PETRONAS Chemicals, MTBE/Polypropylene (M) Sdn Bhd, BP Chemicals, MTBE, Flexsys, Bredero Shaw Eastman Chemical, Kaneka, Polyplastics, Mieco, KNM, JiKang, W.R. Grace, Cryovac, Wasco Pipeline Coatings, AMC, etc.
ain shopping malls in Kuantan:
East Coast Mall is a shopping mall which consists of built-up area of 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2) and houses a number of fashion labels, hypermarket, a nine-screen cinema complex and family entertainment centre. Located in Putra Square which consists of a 5-star hotel and corporate tower, convention centre and cultural towns.
Kuantan City Mall opened in 2017 is a 7 storey shopping centre with 1,300 car parking lots, approximately 200 retail shops with 468,000 square feet rentable.
Berjaya Megamall opened in 1998 is still a great place for shopping. Two concourse mall houses great fashion boutiques and shops. Berjaya Megamall has a hypermarket, a karaoke centre, bowling centre, snooker centre, and a five-screen cinema.
Kuantan Parade is popular among locals, most celebrities roadshows or events are held here.
Teruntum Complex is the first shopping mall in Kuantan. The complex is famous with cellular shop and the largest karaoke centre in the region.
Serambi Teruntum located in Tanjung Lumpur area is the marketplace for local products such as food, textiles and seafood.
MARA Digital @ Kuantan at Plaza Segambut is the centre for electronic and gadget.
Coming soon: AEON Mall Kuantan, KRWC Mall,
Other shopping complexes are Kuantan Plaza and the Pasar Besar. There are also many supermarkets from the local retailers that spread over the municipality of Kuantan.
There are many institutes of higher learning in Kuantan. They are categorised as Institut Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA); public university or Institut Pengajian Tinggi Swasta (IPTS); private university. One of the public institutes in Kuantan is Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Polytechnic (POLISAS). Established in 1976, the second oldest polytechnic in Malaysia and the first institutes in Kuantan. POLISAS is able to accommodate 7,800 students. Sitting on 105 hectare site, POLISAS is one of the largest polytechnics in Malaysia with academic departments of Engineering (Civil, Land Surveying, Architecture, Mechanical, Electrical, Computer), Information Technology, Secretarial, Accounting, Food Technology and Data Processing.
The International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), which is a branch from the main campus in Gombak. There are two IIUM campuses in Kuantan. The Jalan Hospital campus (JHC) campus that opened on year 1997 and the 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) Indera Mahkota campus on year 2004. IIUM Kuantan focuses on medical related degree programmes offered through several faculties or Kulliyyahs such as: Kulliyyah of Medicine, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences (Radiography, Optometry, Dietetics, Audiology, Physiology and Biomedical Science), Kulliyyah of Nursing, and Kulliyyah of Science (Biotechnology, Computational and Theoritical Sciences (CTS), Applied Chemistry, Physics, Marine Science, Plant Science, and Applied Plant Science), Kulliyyah of Dentistry.